Research : Utah Reported Crime Statistics

Utah and the Nation

Total Index Crime

Index crimes include murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Utah's total index crime rate in 2005 was 4,096, a 5.2% decrease over the 2004 rate of 4,322.

Utah's rate has paralleled the national rate over the past 40 years. In 2001, Utah's rate was marginally higher than the national rate, a gap that is beginning to narrow. Utah's higher than average larceny rate, which accounts for nearly three-quarters of the total index crime rate, drives our total rate higher than the national rate.

Total Violent Crime

Violent crimes include murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Utah's violent crime rate in 2005 was 227, a 3.7% decrease compared with 2004. Since its peak in 1997, Utah's violent crime rate has generally been decreasing. The rates in 2004 and 2005 reflect some of the lowest rates Utah has experienced since 1987. Both the national and Utah violent crime rates appear to be leveling off - with the national rate increasing slightly.

Total Property Crime

Property crimes include burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Utah's property crime rate in 2005 was 3,869, a 5.3% decrease over 2004. Since its peak in 1995, Utah's property crime rate has generally been decreasing. Utah's 2001 rate was the lowest the rate has been since 1969, and the 2005 rate was lower than the 2001 rate.

Utah's rate and the national rate have followed a parallel course over the past 40 years. In 2005, the national rate showed a slight decrease. Utah's high property crime rate is driven by our higher than average larceny rate.

Total Crime

Total Index Crime

Index crimes include murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Utah's total index crime rate in 2005 was 4,096, a 5.2% decrease over the 2004 rate of 4,322. Since its peak in 1995, Utah's total index crime rate has largely been decreasing. Utah's rates are some of the lowest total index crime rates since 1972.

Utah's total index crime rate parallels the national rate. In 2005, Utah's rate still was marginally higher than the national rate. This is generally driven by Utah's higher than average larceny rate.

Total Adult Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for index crimes was 673 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents an 11.1% increase over 2004.

Total Juvenile Arrests

Utah's juvenile arrest rate for index crimes increased in 2005.  During 2005, there were 1,760 juvenile arrests for index crimes per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 10.7% increase compared with 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Violent Crime

Total Violent Crime

Violent crimes include murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Utah's violent crime rate in 2005 was 227, a 3.7% decrease compared with 2004. Since its peak in 1997, Utah's violent crime rate has generally continued to decrease. Utah's 2001 rate was the lowest the rate had been since 1987, and the 2005 rate was not much different than the 2001 rate. Although Utah's violent crime rate is about half the national rate, Utah's rate has been leveling while the national rate had been trending downward. The national rate increased in 2005.

Adult Violent Crime Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for violent crimes was 81 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 20.7% increase compared with 2004.

Juvenile Violent Crime Arrests

During 2005, there were 106 juvenile arrests for violent crimes per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 6.9% increase over 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Violent Crime: Murder

Total Murder Rate

Murder is defined as the willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another. Utah's murder rate in 2005 was 2.3 per 100,000, a 21.1% increase compared with 2004. This is a large increase compared with the 2004 rate. It is important to understand that very few murders occur in Utah each year. An increase or decrease of 4 or 5 murders during a single year can yield very large percentage increases year to year. Over the past 30 years, Utah's murder rate has remained relatively constant, with peaks occurring during some years.

Utah's murder rate remains just over one third of the national rate.

Adult Murder Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for murder was 2.5 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 2.2% decrease compared with 2004.

Juvenile Murder Arrests

During 2004, there were 0.6 juvenile arrests for murder per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This is a decrease of about 33% between 2004 and 2005.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Violent Crime: Rape

Total Rape Rate

Rape is defined as the carnal knowledge of a person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity. Utah's rape rate in 2005 was 37.3 per 100,000, reflecting a 4.6% decrease over 2004. Most experts believe the major increase in Utah's rape rate between 1988 and 1991 was largely due to an increase in reporting not offending.

Utah's rape rate continues to be higher than the national rape rate.

Adult Rape Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for rape was 7.7 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 33.7% increase compared with 2004.

Juvenile Rape Arrests

During 2005, there were 19.7 juvenile arrests for rape per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 105% increase compared with 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Violent Crime: Robbery

Total Robbery Rate

Robbery is defined as the taking, or attempting to take, anything of value under confrontational circumstances from the control, custody, or care of another person by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear of immediate harm. Utah's robbery rate in 2005 was 44.3 per 100,000, a 14.3% decrease compared with 2004. Since a minor peak in 1997, Utah's robbery rate had been decreasing. Utah's robbery rate is at one of its lowest points since 1989.

Although the national robbery rate has fallen dramatically, Utah's rate is nearly three times lower than the national rate. Utah's rate trended down in 2005 while the nation's rate trended up in 2005.

Adult Robbery Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for robbery was 16.0 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 23.6% decrease compared with 2004.

Juvenile Robbery Arrests

During 2005, there were 15.3 juvenile arrests for robbery per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 7.9% decrease over 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Violent Crime: Aggravated Assault

Aggravated Assault Rates

Aggravated assault is defined as an unlawful attack by one person upon another wherein the offender uses a weapon or displays it in a threatening manner, or the victim suffers obvious severe or aggravated bodily injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration, or loss of consciousness. This also includes assault with disease. Utah's aggravated assault rate in 2005 was 143 per 100,000, a 0.1% increase over 2004. Since its peak in 1996, Utah's aggravated assault rate had been generally been decreasing. The rate in 2001 was the lowest since 1976, although the 2005 rate was marginally higher than the 2001 rate.

Over the past 40 years, Utah's aggravated assault rate has paralleled the national rate. Utah's decreasing rate was outpacing national decreases. This broadened the gap between these rates.

Adult Aggravated Assault Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for aggravated assault was 54.3 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 45.2% increase from 2004.

Juvenile Aggravated Assault Arrests

During 2005, there were 70.3 juvenile arrests for aggravated assault per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 2.3% decrease from 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Property Crime

Property Crime Rates

Property crimes include burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Utah's property crime rate in 2005 was 3,869, a 5.3% decrease over 2004. Since its peak in 1995, Utah's property crime rate has largely been decreasing. The rate in 2001 was the lowest since 1969, and the 2005 rate was lower than the 2001 rate. Utah's property crime rate is driven by our higher than average larceny rate. Utah's rate and the national rate have followed a parallel course over the past 40 years. The gap between the national rate and Utah's rate has been narrowing.

Adult Property Crime Rate

Utah's adult arrest rate for property crimes was 592 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 9.9% increase from 2004.

Juvenile Property Crime Arrests

During 2005, there were 1,654 juvenile arrests for property crimes per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 10.9% increase compared with 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Property Crime: Burglary

Total Burglary Rates

Burglary is defined as the unlawful entry into a building or other structure with the intent to commit a felony or a theft. Utah's burglary rate in 2005 was 606 per 100,000, a 4.9% decrease compared with 2004. Since its most recent peak in 1997, Utah's burglary rate had been decreasing for the most part. The rate in 2001 was the lowest it had been since 1965, with the 2005 rate showing another decrease.

Over the past 40 years, Utah's burglary rate has consistently been lower than the national rate. In the mid-1990s, Utah's rate was nearly equal to the national rate. Recent trends show the Utah rate and the national rate beginning to converge again.

Adult Burglary Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for burglary was 57.1 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 12.1% increase from 2004.

Juvenile Burglary Arrests

During 2005, there were 107.3 juvenile arrests for burglary per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 14.8% increase compared with 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Property Crime: Larceny/Theft

Larceny Rates

Larceny is defined as the unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession, or constructive possession, of another person. Utah's larceny rate in 2005 was 2,919 per 100,000, a 6.7% decrease compared with 2004. Utah's larceny rate in 2005 was the lowest since 1977. Larceny is one crime where Utah's rate is historically higher than the national rate. Not once in the past 40 years has Utah's rate been lower than the national rate. Since larceny accounts for nearly three-quarters of all index crime, Utah's total index crime rate is generally at or above the national rate.

Adult Larceny Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for larceny was 513.7 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 10.3% increase compared with 2004.

Juvenile Larceny Arrests

During 2005, there were 1,466 juvenile arrests for larceny per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 10.8% increase compared with 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Property Crime: Motor Vehicle Theft

Motor Vehicle Theft Rates

Motor vehicle theft is defined as the theft of a motor vehicle, including automobiles, buses, recreational vehicles, trucks, or other motor vehicles. Utah's motor vehicle theft rate in 2005 was 343.9 per 100,000, a 7.4% increase over 2004. Since its peak in 1997, Utah's motor vehicle theft rate has been decreasing for the most part, although the recent rates depict an upward trend. After converging in the mid-1990s, Utah's motor vehicle theft rate and the national rate had been moving apart. The gap between the national rate and Utah's rate narrowed further in 2005.

Adult Motor Vehicle Theft Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for motor vehicle theft was 18.8 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 5.7% decrease from 2004.

Juvenile Motor Vehicle Arrests

During 2005, there were 59.1 juvenile arrests for motor vehicle theft per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 1.0% decrease from 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Property Crime: Arson

Total Arson Rates

Arson is defined as the unlawful and intentional damage, or attempt to damage, any real or personal property by fire or incendiary device. Utah's arson rate in 2005 was 5.1 per 100,000, a 50% decrease compared with 2004. Since its most recent peak in 1992, Utah's arson rate has decreased.

Utah's arson rate is less than half the national rate. (U.S. was not collecting arson data regularly until 1982. Data for 1984 and 1985 were estimated in the above figure.)

Adult Arson Arrests

Utah's adult arrest rate for arson was 2.6 per 100,000 of those over 18 years of age.  This represents a 22.8% increase compared with 2004.

Juvenile Arson Arrests

During 2005, there were 22.1 juvenile arrests for arson per 100,000 of those aged 10 to 17.  This represents a 42.9% increase from 2004.

*Juvenile arrest rates should not be compared to adult arrest rates as they are based upon a much narrower population group.

Data Tables

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PO Box 142330
SLC UT 84114-2330
Office: 801-538-1031
Fax: 801-538-1024